First, a little bit on the lighter side.
ah spent most of mah initial growin’ up years livin’ in strong redneck areas of Pennsylvania. Mo’e specifically, down near Wess ole Virginny. Af’er medical skoo, ah moved t’Pittsburgh whar Pittsburghease is th’ language. Interestly, no matter whar ah have traveled, one of th’ fust comments fum varmints is, “Oh, yo’ muss be fum SW PA o’ th’ Pittsburgh area. Upon meetin’ a divishun chief when ah fust moved t’wawk in CA, her mighty fust comment was, “Yer fum th’ Pittsburgh area.” Af’er cornvahsin’ further, ah then picked up on her accent as fine. She, too, had grown up in Pittsburgh. Whut in tarnation a coincidence. While wawkin’ professhunally it was an effo’t fo’ me t’speak no’mally an’ t’be politically co’reck. They say we all return t’our roots. ah now haf come full circle an’ live in a mild redneck area No’th of Pittsburgh. Guess whut. I’ve autymatically an’ natcherly returned t’much of th’ redneck language an’ accents. It makes me soun’ a bit unejoocayted, but it is me.
Oh, by the way. Sally responded yesterday. My answer to her is also in the comment section.
Several weeks ago, someone posted a question wanting to know how talking to someone can help with one’s problems. I was going to write about it from my own perspective but whatever I would write cannot surpass what the Mayo Clinic writes.
Psychotherapy is a general term for a process of treating mental and emotional disorders by talking about your condition and related issues with a mental health provider.
During psychotherapy, you learn about your condition and your mood, feelings, thoughts and behavior. Using the insights and knowledge you gain in psychotherapy, you pick up healthy coping skills and stress management. Psychotherapy often can be successfully completed in just a few months, but in the case of a severe mental illness, long-term treatment may be helpful.
There are many specific types of psychotherapy, each with its own approach to improving your mental well-being. The type of psychotherapy that’s right for you depends on your individual situation. Psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy, counseling, psychosocial therapy or, simply, therapy.
Conditions and issues psychotherapy may help
Conditions and problems that may benefit from psychotherapy include, but aren’t limited to:
- Grief Anger
- Medical illnesses, such as diabetes
- Relationship problems
- Sleep disorders
- Work problems
- Sexual disorders
- Bipolar disorder
- Anxiety disorders
- Eating disorders
- Substance abuse disorders
- Personality disorders
In severe cases, psychotherapy may be more effective when it’s combined with other treatments, such as psychiatric medications.
Common types of psychotherapy include:
Art therapy, also called creative art therapy, uses the creative process to help express thoughts and feelings and may include music, dance and movement, drama, drawing, painting, and poetry.
Behavior therapy focuses on changing unwanted or unhealthy behaviors, typically using a system of rewards, reinforcements of positive behavior and desensitization.
Cognitive therapy is designed to help you identify and change distorted thought (cognitive) patterns that can lead to feelings and behaviors that are troublesome, self-defeating or self-destructive.
Cognitive behavioral therapy combines features of both cognitive and behavior therapies to help you identify unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with healthy, positive ones.
Dialectical behavior therapy is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy whose primary objective is to teach behavioral skills to help you tolerate stress, regulate your emotions and improve your relationships with others.
Exposure therapy is a form of behavior therapy that deliberately exposes you to the very thing that you find upsetting or disturbing to help you learn to cope effectively with it.
Family therapy helps families or individuals within a family understand and improve the way family members interact with each other and resolve conflicts.
Group therapy brings together a small group of people facing a similar illness or situation for discussion facilitated by a qualified leader or mental health provider.
Interpersonal therapy focuses on your current relationships with other people to improve your interpersonal skills — how you relate to others, including family, friends and colleagues.
Marriage counseling, also called couples therapy, gives partners — married or not — the tools to communicate better, negotiate differences, problem solve and even argue in a healthier way.
Play therapy, geared mainly for young children at specific developmental levels, uses a variety of play techniques to encourage children to more easily express emotions and feelings if they’re unable to do so with words.
Psychoanalysis is an in-depth, Freudian-based therapy that guides you to examine memories, events and feelings from the past to understand current feelings and behavior.
Psychodynamic psychotherapy, based on the theories of psychoanalysis, focuses on increasing your awareness of unconscious thoughts and behaviors, developing new insights into your motivations, and resolving conflicts to live a happier life.
Psychoeducation teaches you — and sometimes family and friends — about your illness, including treatments, coping strategies and problem-solving skills.
Length of psychotherapy
- The number of psychotherapy sessions needed per week and the length of therapy depend on such factors as:
- The type of disorder or situation
- How severe your symptoms are
- How long you have had your symptoms or have been dealing with your situation
- How quickly you make progress
- How much stress you’re experiencing
- How much support you receive from family members and others
Psychotherapy may not cure your condition or make an unpleasant situation go away. But it can give you the power to cope in a healthy way and to feel better about yourself and your life.
Benefits of psychotherapy
Psychotherapy can help you:
- Gain better understanding of your condition or situation Identify and change behaviors or thoughts that negatively affect your life
- Explore relationships and experiences
- Find better ways to cope and solve problems
- Learn to set realistic goals for your life
- Feel better about yourself
Getting the most out of psychotherapy
Psychotherapy isn’t effective for everyone. But you can take steps to get the most out of your therapy and help make it a success, including:
Approach therapy as a partnership. Therapy is most effective when you’re an active participant and share in decision making. Make sure you and your therapist agree about the major issues and how to tackle them. Together, you can re-evaluate progress and goals over time.
Be open and honest. Success with psychotherapy depends on your willingness to share your thoughts, feelings and experiences, and on being open to new insights and ways of doing things. If you’re reluctant to talk about certain things because of painful emotions, embarrassment or fears about your therapist’s reaction, let your therapist know.
Stick to your treatment plan. If you feel down or lack motivation, it may be tempting to skip psychotherapy sessions. Doing so can disrupt your progress. Try to attend all sessions and to give some thought to what you want to discuss. Be honest with your therapist if you have reservations about therapy.
Don’t expect instant results. Working on emotional issues can be painful and may require hard work. It’s not uncommon to feel worse during the initial part of therapy as you begin to confront past and current conflicts. You may need several sessions before you begin to see improvement.
Do your homework between sessions. If your therapist gives you work outside of your regular therapy sessions, be sure to do it. Doing these homework assignments is important because they help you apply what you’ve learned in the psychotherapy sessions.
Make sure you feel comfortable with your therapist. Successful psychotherapy depends on a good relationship between you and a therapist you trust. Talk to your therapist if any part of your therapy troubles you. If you’re still uncomfortable, consider finding another therapist with whom you feel more at ease.
I hope this helps.